Publications of Bernard Widrow
Books

B. Widrow and S.D. Stearns, Adaptive Signal Processing, Prentice
Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1985.

S. Haykin and B. Widrow, eds., LeastMeanSquare Adaptive Filters,
WileyInterscience, Hoboken, NJ, 2003.

B. Widrow and E. Walach, Adaptive Inverse Control, Prentice Hall,
Upper Saddle River, NJ, 1996; Reissue Edition: Adaptive Inverse Control  A Signal Processing
Approach, Wiley, Hoboken, NJ, 2008.

B. Widrow and I. Kollar, Quantization Noise: Round Off Error in
Digital Computation, Signal Processing, Control and Communications,
Cambridge University Press, 2008.
Book Chapters

B. Widrow, ``Adaptive Filters,'' Aspects of Network and System
Theory, R.E. Kalman and N. DeClaris, eds., Holt, Rinehart and
Winston, pp. 563586, 1971.

D. Nguyen and B. Widrow, ``Nonlinear Control with Neural Networks,'' in
Backpropagation: Theory, Architectures, and Applications, Y. Chauvin
and D. Rumelhart, eds., pp.171188, Erlbaum Associates, Hillsdale, NJ, 1995.

B. Widrow and M.A. Lehr, ``Noise Canceling and Channel Equalization,''
in Handbook of Brain Theory and Neural Networks, M.A. Arbib, ed.,
pp.648650, MIT Press, 1995.

B. Widrow and M.A. Lehr, ``Perceptrons, Adalines, and Backpropagation,''
in Handbook of Brain Theory and Neural Networks, M.A. Arbib, ed.,
pp.719724, MIT Press, 1995.
Technical Reports

B. Widrow, ``An Adaptive `Adaline' Neuron Using Chemical `Memistors',''
Stanford Electronics Laboratories Technical Report 15532, October 1960.

B. Widrow, ``Adaptive Filters I: Fundamentals,'' Stanford Electronics
Laboratories Technical Report 67646, December 1966.
Papers

B. Widrow, ``A RadioFrequency Nondestructive Readout for MagneticCore
Memories,'' Proceedings of the IRE Professional Group on Electronic
Computers, EC3(4):1215, December 1954.

B. Widrow, ``A Study of Rough Amplitude Quantization by Means of Nyquist
Sampling Theory,'' IRE Transactions on
Circuit Theory, CT3(4):266276, December 1956.

B. Widrow, ``Propagation of Statistics in Systems,'' IRE
WESCON Western Electronics Show and Convention Record, 2:114121, 1957.

B. Widrow, ``Adaptive SampledData Systems  A Statistical Theory of
Adaptation,'' IRE WESCON Convention Record, 4:7485, 1959.

B. Widrow, ``Adaptive Sampleddata Systems,'' Proceedings of the
First International Congress of the International Federation of
Automatic Control, pp.406411, 1960.

B. Widrow and M.E. Hoff, Jr., ``Adaptive Switching Circuits,''
IRE WESCON Convention Record, 4:96104, August 1960.

B. Widrow, ``Statistical Analysis of AmplitudeQuantized SampledData
Systems,'' AIEE Transactions on Applications and Industry, pp.114, January 1961.

B. Widrow, ``Analysis of AmplitudeQuantized SampledData
Systems,'' Electrical Engineering, 80(60):450, January 1961.

B. Widrow, W. Pierce and J. Angell, ``Birth, Life and Death in
Microelectronic Systems,'' IRE Transactions of the Professional Group
on Military Electronics, pp.191201, July 1961. Originally appeared as
a Stanford Electronics Laboratories Technical Report 15522/18511, May 1961.

B. Widrow, ``The Speed of Adaption in Adaptive Control Systems,''
American Rocket Society (ARS) Guidance, Control and Navigation Conference Proceedings, 193361, August 1961.

B. Widrow, ``Generalization and Information Storage in Networks of
Adaline `Neurons','' in SelfOrganizing Systems, symposium
proceedings, M.C. Yovitz, G.T. Jacobi, and G. Goldstein, eds.,
pp.435461, Spartan Books, Washington, DC, 1962.

B. Widrow and M.E. Hoff, ``Associative Storage and Retrieval of Digital
Information in Networks of Adaptive `Neurons,''' Biological
Prototypes and Synthetic Systems, 1:160, 1962.

B. Widrow, ``Pattern Recognition and Adaptive Control,'' Proceedings
of the IREAIEE Joint Automatic Control Conference, pp.1926, August
1962.

B. Widrow and J.B. Angell, ``Reliable, Trainable Networks for Computing
and Control,'' Aerospace Engineering, 21(9):78123, September 1962. Also appears in Proceedings of the IAS ManMachine Competition Meeting, Paper 62184, August 1962.

B. Widrow, ``Rate of Adaptation in Control Systems,'' American
Rocket Society (ARS) Journal,
pp.13781385, September 1962.

B. Widrow, ``A Statistical Theory of Adaptation,'' Adaptive Control
Systems, symposium proceedings, F.P. Carruthers and H. Levenstein,
eds., Pergamon Press, New York, 1963.

B. Widrow, G.F. Groner, M.J.C. Hu, F.W. Smith, D.F. Specht, and
L.R. Talbert, ``Practical Applications for Adaptive DataProcessing
Systems,'' IRE WESCON Conference Record, pp.19, 1963. Reprinted in
Rev. A, 10:2739, 1968.

B. Widrow, ``Adaline: Smarter than Sweet,'' Stanford Today, Autumn 1963.

B. Widrow and F.W. Smith, ``PatternRecognizing Control Systems,''
Computer and Information Sciences: Collected Papers on Learning,
Adaptation and Control in Information Systems, COINS symposium
proceedings, J.T. Tou and R.H. Wilcox, eds., 12:288317, Spartan Books,
Washington DC, 1964.

B. Widrow, Review of ``Simulation of an Assembly of Simplified Nerve Cells on a
Digital Computer'' by Sears and Khanna, IEEE Transactions on Electronic Computers,
EC13(4):481, August 1964.

B. Widrow, ``Pattern Recognition and Adaptive Control,'' IEEE Transactions on
Applications and Industry, 83(74):269277, September 1964. Also appears in Proceedings of the AIEE Joint Automatic Control Conference, Discrete Adaptive Processes Symposium and Panel Discussion, pp.1926, New York, NY, June 1962.

K. Steinbuch and B. Widrow, ``A Critical Comparison of Two Kinds of
Adaptive Classification Networks,'' IEEE Transactions on Electronic
Computers, EC14(5):737740, October 1965. Originally appeared as a
Stanford Electronics Laboratories Technical Report 67642, December 1964.

B. Widrow, ``Bootstrap Learning in Threshold Logic Systems,''
Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference of the IFAC, 1966.

B. Widrow, Review of ``Adaptive Systems of Logic Network and Binary
Memories'' by J. Aleksander,
IEEE Transactions on Electronic Computers, EC16(5):710711, October
1967.

B. Widrow, P.E. Mantey, L.J. Griffiths, B.B. Goode, ``Adaptive Antenna
Systems,'' Proceedings of the IEEE, 55(12):21432159, December 1967. [A citation classic.]

B. Widrow, ``Adaptive Model Control Applied to RealTime BloodPressure
Regulation,'' Pattern Recognition and Machine Learning, symposium proceedings,
K.S. Fu, ed., Plenum Press, pp.310324, 1971.

B. Widrow, ``The `RubberMask' Technique  I. Pattern Measurement and
Analysis,'' Pattern Recognition, 5(3):175198, September 1973.

B. Widrow, ``The `RubberMask' Technique  II. Pattern Storage and
Recognition,'' Pattern Recognition, 5(3):199211, September 1973.

B. Widrow, N.K. Gupta, and S. Maitra, ``Punish/Reward: Learning with a
Critic in Adaptive Threshold Systems,'' IEEE Transactions on Systems,
Man, and Cybernetics, SMC3(5):455465, September 1973.

B. Widrow, J. McCool, and
M. Ball, ``The Complex LMS
Algorithm,'' Proceedings of the IEEE, 63(4):719720, April
1975.

B. Widrow, J.R. Glover, Jr., J.M. McCool, J. Kaunitz, C.S. Williams,
R.H. Hearn, J.R. Zeidler, E. Dong, Jr., and R.C. Goodlin, ``Adaptive
Noise Cancelling: Principles and Applications,'' Proceedings of the
IEEE, 63(12):16921716, December 1975.

B. Widrow, J.M. McCool, M.G. Larimore, C. Richard Johnson, Jr.,
``Stationary and Nonstationary Learning Characteristics of the LMS
Adaptive Filter,'' Proceedings of the IEEE, 64(8):11511162, August
1976.

B. Widrow and J.M. McCool, ``A
Comparison of Adaptive Algorithms Based on the Methods of Steepest Descent
and Random Search,'' IEEE Transactions on Antennas and
Propagation, AP24(5):615637, September 1976.

B. Widrow, J. Glover, J. McCool,
J. Treichler, ``Reply to
D.W. Tufts's Letter `Adaptive Line Enhancement and Spectrum
Analysis,''' Proceedings of the IEEE, 65(1):169173, January
1977.

B. Widrow, and
J.M. McCool, ``Comments on `An
Adaptive Recursive LMS Filter,' by P. Feintuch'' Proceedings of the
IEEE, 65(9):14021404, September 1977.

B. Widrow, J.M. McCool and B. Medoff, ``Adaptive Control by Inverse
Modeling,'' Proceedings of the 12th IEEE Asilomar Conference on
Circuits, Systems and Computers, pp.9094, November 1978.

M. Dentino, J. McCool and
B. Widrow, ``Adaptive
Filtering in the Frequency Domain,'' Proceedings of the IEEE,
66(12):16581659, December 1978.

B. Widrow and J.M. McCool, ``Adaptive Filtering with Applications to
Fetal Electrocardiography,'' Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on
Decision and Control, January 1979.

B. Widrow and H. Mesiwala, ``Compression of Eigenvalue Range by Using a
Surplus of Adaptive Antenna Elements,'' IEEE ELECTRO Professional
Program Session 11, pp.110, April 1979.

B. Widrow, ``A Review of Adaptive Antennas,'' IEEE International
Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP)
Convention Record,
4:273278, April 1979.

B. Widrow, K. Duvall, W. Newman, and R. Gooch, ``Jamming of Adaptive
Arrays by Signal Cancellation: The Phenomenon and Two Remedies,''
Proceedings of the Symposium on Adaptive Antennas, Colorado Springs,
Colorado, July 1980.

B. Widrow, ``On the Speed of Convergence of Adaptive Algorithms,''
Record of the 14th Asilomar Conference on Circuits, Systems and
Computers, pp.239242, November 1980.

B. Widrow, P.F. Titchener, and R.P. Gooch, ``Adaptive Design of Digital
Filters,'' Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on
Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing, 6:243246, March 1981.

E.R. Ferrara, Jr., and B. Widrow, ``The
TimeSequenced Adaptive Filter,'' IEEE Transactions on Acoustics,
Speech and Signal Processing, 29(3):679683, June 1981, and IEEE
Transactions on Circuits and Systems, CAS28(6):519523, June 1981.

E.R. Ferrara, Jr., and
B. Widrow, ``Multichannel
Adaptive Filtering for Signal Enhancement,'' IEEE Transactions on
Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing, 29(3):766770, June 1981,
and IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems,
CAS28(6):606610, June 1981.

B. Widrow, D. Shur and S. Shaffer, ``On Adaptive Inverse Control,''
Record of the Fifteenth Asilomar Conference on Circuits, Systems
and Computers, pp.185189, November 1981.

K.C. McGill, K.L. Cummins, L.J. Dorfman, B.B. Berlizot,
K. Luetkemeyer, D.G. Nishimura and B. Widrow, ``On the Nature and
Elimination of Stimulus Artifact in Nerve Signals Evoked and Recorded
Using Surface Electrodes,'' IEEE Transactions on Biomedical
Engineering, BME29(2):129137, February 1982.

B. Widrow, K.M. Duvall, R.P. Gooch,
W.C. Newman, ``Signal
Cancellation Phenomena in Adaptive Antennas: Causes and Cures,'' IEEE
Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, AP30(3):469478, May 1982.

E.R. Ferrara and
B. Widrow, ``Fetal
Electrocardiogram Enhancement by TimeSequenced Adaptive Filtering,''
IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineeing, BME29(6):458460, June
1982.

P.F. Titchener, R.P. Gooch, and B. Widrow, ``A Linear Phase Adaptive
Filter,'' Record of the Sixteenth Asilomar Conference on
Circuits, Systems and Computers, pp.4044, November 1982.

E. Walach and B. Widrow, ``Adaptive Signal Processing for Adaptive
Control,'' Proceedings of the IFAC Workshop on Adaptive Systems in
Control and Signal Processing, San Francisco, June 1983.

M. Yelderman, B. Widrow, J.M. Cioffi, E. Hesler, and J.A. Leddy,
``ECG Enhancement by Adaptive Cancellation of Electrosurgical
Interference,'' IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering,
BME30(7):392398, July 1983.

E. Walach and B. Widrow, ``The Least Mean Fourth (LMF) Adaptive
Algorithm and Its Family,'' IEEE Transactions on Information Theory,
IT30(2):275283, March 1984.

B. Widrow and E. Walach, ``Adaptive Signal Processing for Adaptive
Control,'' IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and
Signal Processing (ICASSP), 9(1):191194, March 1984.

B. Widrow and E. Walach, ``On the Statistical Efficiency of the LMS
Algorithm with Nonstationary Inputs,'' IEEE Transactions on
Information Theory, IT30(2):211221, March 1984.

N.K. Jablon and B. Widrow, ``Adaptive Superresolution Phenomena in
Aberrant Arrays,'' Record of the Nineteenth Asilomar Conference
on Circuits, Systems and Computers, pp.309314, November 1985.

J.J. Shynk, R.P. Gooch, B. Widrow, ``A FrequencyDomain Adaptive
PoleZero Filter with Applications,'' Record of the Nineteenth
Asilomar Conference on Circuits, Systems and Computers, pp.299303,
November 1985.

Y.L. Su, T.J. Shan and B. Widrow, ``Parallel Spatial Processing: A
Cure for Signal Cancellation in Adaptive Arrays,'' IEEE Transactions
on Antennas and Propagation, AP34(3):347355, March 1986.

J.J. Shynk, and B. Widrow, ``Bandpass Adaptive PoleZero Filtering,''
Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech
and Signal Processing, II:21072110, April 1986.

B. Widrow, ``Adaptive Inverse Control,'' Proceedings of the 2nd IFAC
Workshop on Adaptive Systems in Control and Signal Processing,
pp.15, July 1986. Also appears in Proceedings of the SPIE Conference
on Applications of Artificial Neural Networks, pp.1321, April 1990.

B. Widrow, ``The Original Adaptive Neural Net BroomBalancer,''
Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and
Systems, pp.351357, May 1987.

B. Widrow, ``A Fundamental Relationship Between the LMS Algorithm and the
Discrete Fourier Transform,'' Proceedings of the IEEE International
Symposium on Circuits and Systems, pp.774776, May 1987.

B. Widrow, R.G. Winter, and R.A. Baxter, ``Learning Phenomena in
Layered Neural Networks,'' Proceedings of the IEEE First Annual
International Conference on Neural Networks, 2:411429, June 1987.

B. Widrow, ``Adaline and Madaline  1963,'' Proceedings of the IEEE
First International Conference on Neural Networks, 1:145157, June 1987.

B. Widrow, P. Baudrenghien, M. Vetterli and P. Titchener,
``Fundamental Relations
Between the LMS Algorithm and the DFT,'' IEEE Transactions on
Circuits and Systems, 34(7):814820, July 1987.

B. Widrow and R.G. Winter, ``Neural Nets for Adaptive Filtering and
Adaptive Pattern Recognition,'' IEEE Computer Magazine, 21(3):2539,
March 1988. Reprinted in Nikkei Electronics, Japan,
95(455):201218, 1988. Also reprinted in An Introduction to Neural and Electronic Networks, Second Edition, S.F. Zornetzer, J.L. Davis, C. Lau and T. McKenna, eds., pp.251273, Academic Press, San Diego, CA, 1995.

B. Widrow, R.G. Winter and R.A. Baxter, ``Layered Neural Nets for
Pattern Recognition,'' IEEE Transactions on Acoustics, Speech and
Signal Processing, 36(7):11091118, July 1988. Reprinted in NeuroVision Systems, M.M. Gupta and G.K. Knopf, eds., IEEE Press, Piscataway, NJ, 1994.

V.V. Tolat and B. Widrow, ``An Adaptive `Broom Balancer' with Visual
Inputs,'' Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Neural
Networks, 2:641647, July 1988.

R. Winter and B. Widrow, ``MADALINE RULE II: A Training Algorithm for
Neural Networks,'' Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference
on Neural Networks, 1:401408, July 1988.

J.W. Rector, B.P. Marion, and B. Widrow, ``Use of DrillBit Energy as a
Downhole Seismic Source,'' Proceedings of the 58th Annual Society of
Exploration Geophysicists (SEG) Meeting, 1:161164, November 1988.

V.V. Tolat and B. Widrow, ``An Adaptive Neural Net Controller with
Visual Inputs,'' Neural Networks, 1:362, Supplement 1, 1988.

D. Nguyen and B. Widrow, ``The Truck BackerUpper: An Example of
SelfLearning in Neural Networks,'' Proceedings of the International
Joint Conference on Neural Networks, 2:357362, 1989. Also appears in
Proceedings of the Conference on
Advanced Neural Computers, pp.1119, Neuss, West Germany, March 1990;
and in Proceedings of the SPIE Conference on Applications of
Artificial Intellience VIII, pp.596602, April 1990; and Proceedings of
the INNC International Neural Network Conference, 1:399407, July 1990.

B. Widrow and D. Nguyen, ``SelfLearning Controls and Their
Applications,'' WESCON Conference Record, pp.718724, November 1989.

B. Widrow and M.E. Hoff, ``Adaptive Switching Circuits,'' WESCON Conference
Record, pp.709717, November 1989.

D. Andes, B. Widrow, M. Lehr and E. Wan, ``MRIII: A Robust Algorithm
for Training Analog Neural Networks,''
Proceedings of the 1990
Meeting of International Neural Network Society Jointed and IEEE (IJCNN),
1:533536, Washington DC, January 1990.

E. Wan, P. Ning and B. Widrow, ``Neural Tree Structured Vector
Quantization,'' Proceedings of the 1990
Meeting of International Neural Network Society and IEEE (IJCNN), 2:267270,
January 1990.

E. Wan, G. Kovacs, J. Rosen and B. Widrow, ``Development of Neural
Network Interface for Direct Control of Neuroprostheses,'' Proceedings of the 1990
Meeting of International Neural Network Society and IEEE (IJCNN), 2:321,
January 1990.

M. Stevenson, R. Winter and B. Widrow, ``Sensitivity of Feedforward
Neural Networks to Weight Errors,'' IEEE Transactions on Neural
Networks, 1(1):7180, March 1990.

D.H. Nguyen and B. Widrow, ``Neural Networks for SelfLearning Control
Systems,'' IEEE Control Systems Magazine, 10(3):1823, April 1990.
Reprinted in the
International Journal on Control, 54(6):14391451, 1991. Also reprinted in NeuroControl Systems: Theory and Applications, M.M. Gupta and D.H. Rao, eds., pp.308313, IEEE Press, Piscataway, NJ, 1994.

D. Nguyen and B. Widrow, ``Improving the Learning Speed of 2Layer
Neural Networks by Choosing Initial Values of the Adaptive Weights,''
Proceedings of the International Joint Conference on Neural Networks
(IJCNN), 3:2126, June 1990.

B. Widrow and M.A. Lehr, ``Adaline: An Engineering Model for
Neurocomputing,'' Proceedings of the International Conference on
Fuzzy Logic and Neural Networks, Iizuka, Japan, July 1990.

B. Widrow and M.A. Lehr, ``30 Years of Adaptive Neural Networks:
Perceptron, Madaline, and Backpropagation,'' Proceedings of the
IEEE, 78(9):14151442, September 1990. Also appears as a chapter in
Neural Networks: Theoretical Foundations and Analysis, C. Lau, ed., pp.2753,
IEEE Press, 1992; and in Artificial Neural Networks: Paradigms,
Applications, and Hardware Implemenation, E. SanchezSinencio and
C. Lau, eds., pp.82108, IEEE Press, 1992.

B. Widrow, ``Neural Networks for Nonlinear Control,'' Proceedings of
the Fourth International Conference on Industrial and Engineering
Applications of Artificial Intelligence and Expert Systems, 1:1, June
1991.

B. Widrow and M.A. Lehr, ``Artificial Neural Networks of the Perceptron,
Madaline, and Backpropagation Family,'' Proceedings of the Workshop on
NeuroBionics, Goslar, Germany, February 1992. Reprinted in Neurobionics, H.W. Bothe, M. Samii, R. Eckmiller, eds., pp.133205, NorthHolland, Amsterdam, 1993.

B. Widrow and M.A. Lehr, ``Backpropagation and its Applications,''
Proceedings of the INNS Summer Workshop on Neural Network Computing for
the Electric Power Industry, Stanford, pp.2129, August 1992.

B. Widrow and F. Beaufays, ``Neural Control Systems,'' Proceedings
of the INNS Summer Workshop on Neural Network Computing for the Electric
Power Industry, Stanford, pp.143148, August 1992.

B. Widrow and M.A. Lehr, ``Feedforward Networks,'' in INNS Above
Threshold, December 1992.

B. Widrow, M. Lehr, F. Beaufays, E. Wan, and M. Bilello, ``Learning
Algorithms for Adaptive Signal Processing and Control,'' Proceedings of the
IEEE International Conference on Neural Networks, 1:18, March 1993.

B. Widrow and M.A. Lehr, ``Adaptive Neural Networks and their
Applications,'' International Journal of Intelligent Systems,
8(4):453507, April 1993.

B. Widrow, M.A. Lehr, F. Beaufays, E. Wan and M. Bilello, ``Stanford
Neural Network Research,'' Proceedings of SPIE, Applications of Artificial Neural Networks IV, vol. 1965, pp.1729, Orlando, April 1993.

B. Widrow, M.A. Lehr, F. Beaufays, E. Wan and M. Bilello, ``Adaptive
Signal Processing,'' Proceedings of the World Conference on Neural
Networks, IV548, Portland, July 1993.

B. Widrow and M. Bilello, ``Adaptive Inverse Control,'' Proceedings
of the IEEE International Symposium on Intelligent Control, pp.16,
August 1993.

M.A. Lehr and B. Widrow, ``Commercial and Industrial Applications of
Neural Networks,'' Proceedings of the International Simulation
Technology Multiconference (SIMTEC), San Francisco, November 1993.

F. Beaufays and B. Widrow, ``Simple Algorithms for Fast Adaptive
Filtering,'' Proceedings of the Fifth Workshop on Neural Networks:
WNN93/FNN93, pp.231236, San Francisco, November 1993.

F. Beaufays, Y. AbdelMagid, and B. Widrow, ``Application of Neural
Networks to LoadFrequency Control in Power Systems,'' Neural
Networks, 7(1):183194, 1994.

D. Rumelhart, B. Widrow and M.A. Lehr, ``The Basic Ideas in Neural
Networks,'' Communications of the ACM, 37(3):8792, March 1994.

B. Widrow, D. Rumelhart, and M.A. Lehr, ``Neural Networks: Applications
in Industry, Business, and Science,'' Communications of the ACM,
37(3):93105, March 1994.

F. Beaufays and B. Widrow, ``TwoLayer Linear Structure for Fast
Adaptive Filtering,'' Proceedings of WCNN, 3:8793, San Diego, June 1994.

F. Beaufays and B. Widrow, ``On the Advantages of the LMS Spectrum
Analyzer over Nonadaptive Implementations of the SlidingDFT,'' IEEE
Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Fundamental Theory and
Applications, 42(4):218220, April 1995.

R. Gazit and
B. Widrow, ``Backpropagation
Through Links: A New Approach to Kinematic Control of Serial
Manipulators,'' Proceedings of the IEEE Internaional Symposium on
Intelligent Control, pp.99104, August 1995.

B. Widrow, I. Kollar, and M.C. Liu, ``Statistical Theory of
Quantization,'' IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and
Measurement, 45(2):353361, April 1996.

B. Widrow and G. Plett, "`Intelligent' Adaptive Inverse Control," Proceedings of IFAC, pp.104105, July 1996.

B. Widrow and
G.L. Plett, ``Adaptive Inverse
Control Based on Linear and Nonlinear Adaptive Filtering,''
Proceedings of the International Workshop on Neural Networks for
Identification, Control, Robotics and Signal/Image Processing,
pp.3038, August 1996.

B. Widrow and
G.L. Plett, ``Nonlinear
Adaptive Inverse Control,'' Proceedings of the 36th Conference on
Decision and Control, 2:10321037, December 1997.

B. Widrow, G. Plett, E. Ferreira and M. Lamego, ``Adaptive Inverse
Control Based on Nonlinear Adaptive Filtering,'' Proceedings of the
5th IFAC Workshop on Algorithms and Architectures for RealTime
Control, Elsevier, Oxford, UK, pp.247252, April 1998.

B. Widrow, E.P. Ferreira and
M.M. Lamego, ``Neurointerfaces
for HumanMachine Real Time Interaction,'' Proceedings of the 5th
IFAC Workshop on Algorithms and Architectures for RealTime Control,
Elsevier, Oxford, UK, pp.131136, April 1998.

M.M. Lamego, E.P. Ferreira and B. Widrow, ``Neurointerfaces: Learning
by Genetic Algorithms,'' Proceedings of the 14th World IFAC
Congress, K:1319, July 1999.

E.P. Ferreira, M.M. Lamego and B. Widrow, ``Neurointerfaces for
SemiAutonomous Object Moving Systems,'' Proceedings of the 14th
World IFAC Congress, K:155160, July 1999.

B. Widrow, ``A Microphone Array for
Hearing Aids,'' Proceedings of the IEEE Symposium on Adaptive
Systems for Signal Processing, Communications, and Control,
pp.711, October 2000.

B. Widrow and
M.M. Lamego, ``Neurointerfaces:
Principles,'' Proceedings of the IEEE Symposium on Adaptive
Systems for Signal Processing, Communications, and Control,
pp.315320, October 2000.

B. Widrow and
M.M. Lamego, ``Neurointerfaces:
Applications,'' Proceedings of the IEEE Symposium on Adaptive
Systems for Signal Processing, Communications and Control,
pp.441444, October 2000.

B. Widrow, ``A Microphone Array for Hearing Aids,'' IEEE Circuits
and Systems Magazine, 1(2):2632, 2001.

B. Widrow, ``Recollections of Norbert Wiener and the First IFAC World
Congress,'' IEEE Control Systems Magazine, 21(3):6570, June 2001.

C.Y. Seong and B. Widrow, ``Neural Dynamic Optimization for Control
Systems; I Background,'' IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man and
Cybernetics, Part B, 31(4):482489, August 2001.

C.Y. Seong and B. Widrow, ``Neural Dynamic Optimization for Control
Systems; II Theory,'' IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man and
Cybernetics, Part B, 31(4):490501, August 2001.

C.Y. Seong and B. Widrow, ``Neural Dynamic Optimization for Control
Systems; III Applications,'' IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man and
Cybernetics, Part B, 31(4):502513, August 2001.

B. Widrow and M.M. Lamego, ``Neurointerfaces,'' IEEE Transactions
on Control Systems Technology, 10(2):221228, March 2002.

F.L. Luo, B. Widrow and C. Pavlovic, ``Special Issue on Speech
Processing for Hearing Aids: Editorial,'' Speech Communication, Elsevier,
39(12):13, January 2003.

B. Widrow and F.L. Luo, ``Microphone Arrays for hearing Aids: An
Overview,'' Speech Communication, 39(12):139146, January 2003.

B. Widrow and M. Kamenetsky, ``Statistical Efficiency of Adaptive
Algorithms,'' Neural Networks, 16(56):735744, JuneJuly 2003.

B. Widrow and M. Kamenetsky, ``On the Statistical Efficiency of the LMS
Family of Adaptive Algorithms,'' Proceedings of the International
Joint Conference on Neural Networks, 4:28722880, July 2003.

B. Widrow, ``On the Statistical Efficiency
of LMS Algorithms,'' Records of the ThirtyEighth Asilomar
Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers, 1:109, November 2004.

A. Flores and
B. Widrow, ``Assessment of the
Efficiency of the LMS Algorithm Based on Spectral Information,''
Record of the ThirtyEighth Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and
Computers, 1:120124,, November 2004.

M. Kamenetsky and B. Widrow, ``A Variable Leaky LMS Adaptive
Algorithm,'' Record of the ThirtyEighth Asilomar
Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers, 1:125128, November 2004.

B. Widrow, ``Thinking About Thinking: The Discovery of the LMS
Algorithm,'' IEEE Signal Processing Magazine, 22(1):100106, January
2005.

B. Widrow and
J.C. Aragon, ```Cognitive'
Memory,'' Proceedings of the IEEE International Joint
Conference on Neural Networks (IJCNN), 5:32953299, July 2005.

B. Widrow and M. Etemadi, "Cognitive Memory: Human and Machine," invited paper, Proceedings of the International Joint Conference on Neural Networks, pp.33653372, June 2009.

O.T. Inan, M. Etemadi, B. Widrow, and G.T.A. Kovacs, "Adaptive Cancellation of Floor Vibrations in Standing Ballistocardiogram Measurements Using a Seismic Sensor as a Noise Reference," IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, to appear.
 B. Widrow, Y. Kim, Y. Liao, D. Park, and A. Greenblatt, "The BackProp and Noprop Training Algorithms." Cognitive Computation, 2013.
 B. Widrow and J.C. Aragon, "Cognitive memory," Neural Networks, 41, 2013: 314.
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